Project Governance

This document describes how the PyPDF2 project is managed. It describes the different actors, their roles, and the responsibilities they have.

Terminology

  • The project is PyPDF2 - a free and open-source pure-python PDF library capable of splitting, merging, cropping, and transforming the pages of PDF files. It includes the code, issues, and discussions on GitHub, and the documentation on ReadTheDocs, the package on PyPI, and the website on GitHub.

  • A maintainer is a person who has technical permissions to change one or more part of the projects. It is a person who is driven to keep the project running and improving.

  • A contributor is a person who contributes to the project. That could be through writing code - in the best case through forking and creating a pull request, but that is up to the maintainer. Other contributors describe issues, help to ask questions on existing issues to make them easier to answer, participate in discussions, and help to improve the documentation. Contributors are similar to maintainers, but without technial permissions.

  • A user is a person who imports PyPDF2 into their code. All PyPDF2 users are developers, but not developers who know the internals of PyPDF2. They only use the public interface of PyPDF2. They will likely have less knowledge about PDF than contributors.

  • The community is all of that - the users, the contributors, and the maintainers.

Governance, Leadership, and Steering PyPDF2 forward

PyPDF2 is a free and open source project with over 100 contributors and likely (way) more than 1000 users.

As PyPDF2 does not have any formal relationship with any company and no funding, all the work done by the community are voluntary contributions. People don’t get paid, but choose to spend their free time to create software of which many more are profiting. This has to be honored and respected.

Despite such a big community, the project was dormant from 2016 to 2022. There were still questions asked, issues reported, and pull requests created. But the maintainer didn’t have the time to move PyPDF2 forward. During that time, nobody else stepped up to become the new maintainer.

For this reason, PyPDF2 has the Benevolent Dictator governance model. The benevolent dictator is a maintainer with all technical permissions - most importantly the permission to push new PyPDF2 versions on PyPI.

Being benevolent, the benevolent dictator listens for decisions to the community and tries their best to make decisions from which the overall community profits - the current one and the potential future one. Being a dictator, the benevolent dictator always has the power and the right to make decisions on their own - also against some members of the community.

As PyPDF2 is free software, parts of the community can split off (fork the code) and create a new community. This should limit the harm a bad benevolent dictator can do.

Project Language

The project language is (american) English. All documentation and issues must be written in English to ensure that the community can understand it.

We appreciate the fact that large parts of the community don’t have English as their mother tongue. We try our best to understand others - automatic translators might help.

Expectations

The community can expect the following:

  • The benevolent dictator tries their best to make decisions from which the overall community profits. The benevolent dictator is aware that his/her decisions can shape the overall community. Once the benevolent dictator notices that she/he doesn’t have the time to advance PyPDF2, he/she looks for a new benevolent dictator. As it is expected that the benevolent dictator will step down at some point of their choice (hopefully before their death), it is NOT a benevolent dictator for life (BDFL).

  • Every maintainer (including the benevolent dictator) is aware of their permissions and the harm they could do. They value security and ensure that the project is not harmed. They give their technical permissions back if they don’t need them any longer. Any long-time contributor can become a maintainer. Maintainers can - and should! - step down from their role when they realize that they can no longer commit that time. Their contribution will be honored in the History of PyPDF2.

  • Every contributor is aware that the time of maintainers and the benevolent dictator is limited. Short pull requests that briefly describe the solved issue and have a unit test have a higher chance to get merged soon - simply because it’s easier for maintainers to see that the contribution will not harm the overall project. Their contributions are documented in the git history and in the public issues. Let us know if you would appriciate something else!

  • Every community member uses a respectful language. We are all human, we get upset about things we care and other things than what’s visible on the internet go on in our live. PyPDF2 does not pay its contributors - keep all of that in mind when you interact with others. We are here because we want to help others.

Issues and Discussions

An issue is any technical description that aims at bringing PyPDF2 forward:

  • Bugs tickets: Something went wrong because PyPDF2 developers made a mistake.

  • Feature requests: PyPDF2 does not support all features of the PDF specifications. There are certainly also convenience methods that would help users a lot.

  • Robustness requests: There are many broken PDFs around. In some cases, we can deal with that. It’s kind of a mixture between a bug ticket and a feature request.

  • Performance tickets: PyPDF2 could be faster - let us know about your specific scenario.

Any comment that is in those technial descriptions which is not helping the discussion can be deleted. This is especially true for “me too” comments on bugs or “bump” comments for desired features. People can express this with 👍 / 👎 reactions.

Discussions are open. No comments will be deleted there - except if they are clearly unrelated spam or only try to insult people (luckily, the community was very respectful so far 🤞)

Releases

The maintainers follow semantic versioning. Most importantly, that means that breaking changes will have a major version bump.

Be aware that unintentional breaking changes might still happen. The PyPDF2 maintainers do their best to fix that in a timely manner - please report such issues!

People

  • Martin Thoma is benevolent dictator since April 2022.

  • Maintainers:

    • Matthew Stamy (mstamy2) was the benevolent dictator for a long time. He still is around on Github once in a while and has permissions on PyPI and Github.

    • Matthew Peveler (MasterOdin) is a maintainer on Github.